To the Nigerian Government
access to adequate medical and mental health services to victims of abduction
and other violence; develop confidential referral systems and health posts in
high-risk areas, such as large or isolated internally displaced persons’
(IDP) camps, which can facilitate referrals and access to emergency treatment
for women who are victims of sexual violence.
that hospitals and clinics treating civilian victims are equipped with medical
supplies to treat post-rape care in accordance with World Health Organization
(WHO) standards and ensure that all facilities have procedures in place to
respond to sexual violence, including Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) kits. All
services should have trained staff to deliver confidential and comprehensive
medical treatment and psychosocial support. If and when services are not
available, facilities should have adequate referral systems to ensure survivors
can access confidential care.
specialized training for healthcare and social service providers to ensure
care, treatment, and support to women and child survivors. Training should
include both individual and community approaches where needed.
that public information is available about the legal and physical consequences
of abductions, and how victims can access free functioning services.
the provisions of the National Action Plan including those related to UNSCR
1325 and other related resolutions in Nigeria, particularly with regard to
ensuring the full and meaningful participation of women in all peace and
legislation to domesticate the International Criminal Court’s Rome
Statute, which Nigeria ratified in 2001, including criminalizing under
Nigerian law genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, consistent
with the International Criminal Court’s Rome Statute definitions.
Ensure such laws apply retroactively at least until July 2002, the date
the Rome Statute entered into force for Nigeria.
- Establish an independent commission of
inquiry to investigate general allegations of violations of human rights and
humanitarian law by government security forces and recommend measures to ensure
they do not recur.
- Ensure the investigation and prosecution,
based on international fair trial standards, of members of Boko Haram and
pro-government vigilante groups who commit serious crimes in violation of
international law during the conflict.
- Develop adequate protection
measures, including protection programs and psychological support, before,
during, and after the trial for all victims and witnesses whose physical
safety and psychological well-being are at risk. This should include, but
not be limited to, relocation measures.
- Develop and implement the
Joint Humanitarian Action Plan (JHAP), and ensure effective coordination
of national response to the northeast conflict through the JHAP sector
military strategy to rescue any abducted civilian must be planned with critical
human rights and protection concerns in mind to protect the right to life of
all civilians including any who risk being caught up in the crossfire.
Nigerian government should ensure availability and accessibility of schools, promptly
implement the Safe Schools Initiative, and work with the school authorities,
community leaders, and parents to ensure better security for the northeast region’s
from using schools and universities for military purposes and issue clear military
orders to this effect. Support the development and eventual implementation of
the Lucens Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use
During Armed Conflict.
public the report of its fact-finding committee on the abduction of Chibok
schoolgirls, and provide all residents including relatives of the missing students
with public updates on efforts to recover the girls to regain the
- Take proactive steps to
implement the plans, including the recently launched Victim Support Fund,
for the rehabilitation and reintegration of abducted women and girls, and
other victims of violence including
forcefully recruited young men and boys.
- Ensure the passage and application of the
Child Rights Act in all states of the federation, and bring national laws
relating to the rights of women into compliance with the African Charter on the
Rights and Welfare of Women in Africa, and the Convention on the Elimination of
all forms of Discrimination Against Women.
reasonable steps in line with Nigeria’s responsibility under
international human rights law to protect all those in Nigeria’s
territory from violence, but should not use excessive force, mistreat and
torture detainees, or conduct arbitrary arrests in quelling the Boko Haram threat.
- Establish a unit in the
Ministry of Justice to document the prosecution of Boko Haram suspects at
all levels of government, and collate information of insurgency related
arrests, detentions, and extrajudicial killings to aid future
To the Nigerian Police
interviews with all victims of Boko Haram abductions to aid prompt and
thorough investigation of abuses they suffer, and ensure adequate
safeguards against further traumatization.
public information and education campaigns, and hold public meetings with
the community to encourage reporting violence against women to police,
military courts, and other authorities.
the investigation and prosecution of allegations of sexual and
police and prosecutors to promptly and thoroughly investigate cases of
sexual and gender-based violence.
community intake unit with a sufficient number of female police officers
and other female personnel to receive and process information from members
of the community about abductions and sexual and gender-based violence in
a confidential manner at police stations.
To Boko Haram
all attacks against non-combatants and release immediately all civilians in its
all forced marriages and forced conversion of women and girls, and hold combatants
responsible for sexual abuse and rape accountable, in line with international
cease all attacks, and threats of attacks, that target civilians or civilian
all necessary steps to comply with the principles of international humanitarian
and human rights law including handing over all persons suspected of war crimes
all attacks on the right to freedom of expression and religion, such as forced
conversions, targeting of Christians and destruction of churches.
all attacks on schools, killing of students and teachers, or threats that
undermine children’s right to education.
To the International Community – including the United Nations, European Union, United States, and United Kingdom
and support the establishment of an independent commission of inquiry to
investigate allegations of international human rights and humanitarian law
violations by government security forces and recommend measures to ensure they
do not recur.
and support transparent investigations and prosecution of perpetrators of human
rights violations by Boko Haram, and pro-government vigilante groups.
that support to the Nigerian government forms part of a fully integrated
strategy aimed at assisting all of the victims of abductions and sexual abuse
through prosecutions of those responsible, the provision of comprehensive
support to victims, and action to strengthen the rights of women and girls.
that support to the Nigerian security forces to deal with Boko Haram and to
assist abducted women and girls is fully consistent with international human
rights standards. No support should be provided to abusive elements of the
training for Nigerian police and prosecutors to conduct basic investigations of
crimes, including sexual and gender-based violence.
with the Nigerian government to ensure that development assistance to Nigeria
helps to increase educational opportunities for girls and combats gender and
other forms of discrimination in education.
that assistance to Nigeria supports the development of improved healthcare for
women and girls, especially those who have been victims of sexual violence and
the Nigerian government to bring national laws relating to the rights of women
and children into compliance with international standards.
and support Nigerian government’s effort to make schools safer.
and support the provision of post-trauma, psycho-social and mental health
services for victims of sexual violence and abuse.
- Encourage and support the coordination of
humanitarian aid and support to victims of the Boko Haram conflict through the
JHAP sector working groups.
To the International
to monitor and assess the government’s efforts to fairly and
credibly hold perpetrators to account, including through periodic visits
- Continue to press Nigeria,
consistent with its obligations under the Rome Statute and the principle
of complementarity, to ensure that individuals implicated in serious
crimes committed in violation of international law are investigated and
prosecuted according to international fair trial standards.